Roles and Tasks
The employer is responsible for ensuring that the workplace is safe and healthy for all employees. To do this, the employer must be aware of the hazard and risk factors in the workplace and know how to manage them. The employer also has to make sure that the employees have the knowledge and skills required to do their work safely. The employer must provide the employees an access to occupational health care.
The employees are obliged to follow the orders and instructions given by the employer and to take care of their own safety and the safety of their co-workers.
Occupational health and safety cooperation personnel observes the work environment, identifies disturbances and makes suggestions for development.
Occupational health and safety responsibility in shared workplaces
Employers and self-employed workers working in shared workplaces are obliged to work in cooperation when doing occupational health and safety work. However, each employer is responsible for the occupational safety of their own employees.
Employers exercising the main authority – the purchaser or the project supervisor – have the primary responsibility to coordinate the overall management of occupational health and safety work between different parties.
When using subcontractors or hired labour, care should be taken to make sure that occupational health and safety responsibility issues are in order when drawing up contracts.
Workplace of mutual hazards
A workplace of mutual hazards is a shared space where different employers and workers operate independently, e.g. shopping centres or office hotels. What sets workplaces of mutual hazards apart from shared workplaces is that actors are independent in relation to each other.
Actors that operate in a shared space are obliged to cooperate with each other and to inform each other about any hazards and risk factors that they may detect and about their elimination and the coordination of necessary measures.